PACES LOGO LearningThe Trivium of Classical Education

The trivium of classical education is a three-part process:

  • Grammar – Training of the mind be- gins in the early years of school. Time absorbing and memorizing facts in or- der to lay the foundation for advanced study characterizes this phase.
  • Dialectic – Taking advantage of stu- dents’ natural critical thinking during the middle school years enables stu- dents to think through arguments.
  • Rhetoric – Students learn to express themselves effectively, convincing others of their point of view.

What Distinguishes PACES?

Historically, classical education boasts more success in producing logical thinkers and productive leaders than in any other teaching method developed in Western civilization. From Socrates’ questions with students on a Greek hillside, to the great thinkers of the Renaissance, to the great universities established in the Great Awakening, the sequence of the trivium has delivered influential thinkers that positively shape history and culture on a world-wide scale.

An assortment of options to teach classically are readily available to contemporary educators; the distinction of the PACES PAideia School is the emphasis on and commitment to parent-directed training within the parameters of the traditional trivium and quadrivium.

All classical programs focus on a system- atic procedure for teaching facts, logic and rhetoric; PACES PAideia School intention- ally adds the weight of committed, informed parents as the primary, deliberate in uencers on young scholars.

In this organization, the program exists to provide structure and content in curriculum, along with support and direction for parents; the family remains the dynamic, life-giving, perspective-creating, element that sparks enthusiasm and breathes vigor into subjects. No program or staff can equal the family in effectual influence of children; PACES PAideia therefore purposefully weaves the family’s interaction into each objective and goal.

Why Study Latin?

Latin is the Best Groundwork for Education

“I will say at once, quite rmly, that the best grounding for education is the Latin grammar. I say this not because Latin is traditional and medieval, but simply because even a rudimentary knowledge of Latin cuts down the labor and pains of learning almost any other subject by at least 50 percent.” — Dorothy Sayer

Latin Maximizes SAT Scores

Through Latin, test takers can approximate the meanings of new words because of familiarity with roots and prefixes. Analytical math skills also increase. This may be due to the increased accuracy.

Professor Emeritus William Harris notes:
“ From another point of view, the study of Latin does foster precision in the use of words. Since one reads Latin closely and carefully, often word by word, this focuses the student’s mind on individual words and their usage. It has been noticed that people who have studied Latin in school usually write quite good English prose. There may be a certain amount of stylistic imitation involved, but more important is the habit of reading closely and following important texts with accuracy.”

Time Periods Covered

PAideia uses a chronologically united approach to study history, humanities, and literature through a four-year cycle.

  • Year One—Ancient Civilizations to the Founding of Rome
  • Year Two—Rome to the Protestant Reformation
  • Year Three—The Founding of America to mid 1800’s
  • Year Four—Modern Era

Educational Emphasis

Years One and Three emphasize reading classic works at every age level. Years Two and Four demand more student research and writing.

“Culturative history” includes history, humanities, literature and philosophy in the study of speci c time periods. Electives in art, science, theater arts, and music also integrate with culturative history lessons to enhance the classical education experience.

What is “Culturative History?”

Culturative History (CH) combines history, literature, art architecture, music, geography, political science, religion, speech, and philosophy in a four year study of western civilization.

The Relationship of English and Culturative History 

English and Culturative History are integrally and vitally connected at PACES. A basic educational principle is that students master a topic as they synthesize the subject into their own consciousness and restate the material as their own. Both classes follow the same era each year; when history classes are studying Queen Elizabeth, English classes will be discussing The Faerie Queen.

Culturative History provides the input, and English trains the output as students fuse what they have absorbed into innovative, articulate presentations.


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